The country's history was characterized by the existence of powerful kingdoms in the east and center of the country (Ouagadougou, Tenkodogo, Yatenga Gourma).Colonized by France in the late nineteenth century, the country, known as Upper Volta, gained independence in 1960.

On August 4, 1984, Upper Volta changed its name to Burkina Faso, which means "Home of the persons of integrity, courageous and worthy of respect." Its motto is "Unity, Progress, Justice"

The country is currently headed by Mr. Blaise Compaore, the first elected President of the 4th Republic.

Some dates


September 28, 1919 : Creation of the territory and the colony of Upper Volta
September 5, 1932 : Suppression of the colony of Upper Volta
September 4, 1947 : Reconstruction of the Upper Volta
June 23, 1956 : Adoption of the Framework Act granting internal autonomy to Africans
December 11, 1958 : Proclamation of the Republic of Upper Volta
February 28, 1959 : Approval by the Assembly of the Constitution of the First Republic
August 5, 1960 : Proclamation of Independence of the Republic of Upper Volta
January 3, 1966 : End of the First Republic
June 14, 1970 : Constitutional Referendum (Second Republic)
February 8, 1974 : End of the Second Republic
November 27, 1977 : Constitutional Referendum (Third Republic)
November 25, 1980 : End of the Third Republic
August 4, 1983 : People's Democratic Revolution
August 4, 1984 : Change of Name in BURKINA FASO

Elected institutions of the Fourth Republic

June 2, 1991 : Constitutional Referendum (Fourth Republic)
December 1, 1991 : Election of Mr Blaise Compaore, President of the Republic
May 24, 1992 : Legislative elections
February 12, 1995 : Municipal Elections
May 11 1997 : General election
November 15, 1998 : Election of Mr Blaise Compaore , President of the Republic

The other institutions of the Fourth Republic

Supreme Court : installed September 29, 1991
The Economic and Social Council : created May 15, 1959 and May 13, 1993
The Ombudsman of Burkina Faso : appointed 29 December 1994
The House of Representatives : December 28, 1995 installed
The Supreme Council of Information : installed March 28, 1996


With over 10 million inhabitants, Burkina Faso is one of the most populous states in West Africa. Its population is composed of various ethnic groups : Mossi, Gourounsi, Lobi, Bobo, Fulani, Gourmantché, Senufo, Bissa, Mande, etc..

We call the people of Burkina Faso Burkinabe (invariable).


Besides French (official and working) the following national languages ​​are used the most: Moré, Dioula, Fulani.